Author: Miguel Yatco
Here is an easy cheat sheet to understand how the manual settings work on cameras.
– The light meter is different from the exposure setting.
– Keeping your light meter at “0” doesn’t necessarily mean it’s the perfect setting. Just don’t stray too far from the “0”. Adjust to your liking.
– Positive numbers on your exposure setting will make your photos brighter.
– Negative numbers make your photos darker.
– Small numbers (like f/1.4) have larger openings, which let in more light.
– Big numbers (like f/16) have smaller openings, which let in less light.
– Seeing 100, 250, 320, etc. on your viewfinder means “1/(number seen)”, like “1/100”.
– Try not to use 1/60 or less when handheld, that’s when you use a tripod or look for something steady.
– Using longer exposure (slow shutter speed) will let in more light.
– Using shorter exposure (fast shutter speed) will let in less light.
– ISO is the sensitivity of your camera to light
– Lower numbers are less sensitive to light, which give smoother photos.
– Higher numbers are very sensitive to light, which give very grainy and noisy photos.